Douglas MacArthur (1880-1964) was born to Arthur MacArthur Jr. and Mary Pinkney Hardy MacArthur on a military base in Little Rock, Arkansas. MacArthur graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in 1903. During military operations in Veracruz, Mexico in May 1914, MacArthur was involved in intelligence activity. MacArthur was recommended for the Medal of Honor, but his superior denied the request, citing his involvement in an operation was not authorized. In 1917, he was promoted from major to colonel and became chief of staff of the 42nd (Rainbow) Division. In the fighting on the Western Front during World War I, he rose to the rank of brigadier general, was again nominated for a Medal of Honor, and was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross twice and the Silver Star seven times.
In 1932, during the Great Depression, the “Bonus Army,” a group of World War I veterans marched on Washington D.C., wanting their post war benefits. The group that stayed behind had set up camp. MacArthur, being the chief of staff at this time, ordered the Army to disperse the rioters. Only one was killed, but the act was extremely unpopular.
MacArthur Elementary School was named in 1957 after General Douglas MacArthur. General MacArthur was one of only five men ever to rise to the rank of General of the Army in the U.S. Army, and the only man ever to become a field marshal in the Philippine Army. MacArthur’s hard work in education and excellence both as a student and then as an education administrator reflect the district’s core values.